cover vol. 17 no. 1


Andrzej Miszczuk, Andrzej Jakubowski

Borders and Border Cities in Transition: towards a Typology

(article in English)
The objective of the paper is an attempt to develop a typology of border cities. The typology will focus upon geopolitical determinants and their outcomes viewed in static and dynamic terms, all in the theoretical aspect. The synthesis of both approaches enabled 18 possible types of border cities to be isolated. Three of these were discussed in the form of case studies (Cieszyn, Chełm, Przemyśl).

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Keywords: border cities, typology, peripherality, antecedent boundary, subsequent boundary

JEL: R11, R58

Mieczysław Kowerski, Jarosław Bielak

Convergence of the Standard of Living in Polish NUTS 2 Regions

(article in English)
The authors of the article made an attempt to verify the hypothesis that in 2006–2016 in Poland there was convergence of the standard of living of residents of voivodships (NUTS 2 regions). The values of the measure of the standard of living calculated by the authors by dynamic development pattern method were used to assess the standard of living in the analyzed period. Beta-convergence was verified by cross-section absolute and conditional spatial models of convergence of SAR and SARAR types. Sigma-convergence was verified by measures of dispersion and concentration of the standard of living in 2006–2016. The calculations made point to occurrence of beta- and sigma-convergence of the standard of living in Polish voivodships. However, the estimated values of index of convergence and yearly average rate of convergence of the standard of living seem to be quite high; in fact, much higher than expected. It may be a consequence of clustering phenomenon, which we probably observed.

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Keywords: standard of living, convergence models, NUTS 2 regions in Poland (voivodships)

JEL: A13, C23

Piotr Witkowski

The Management of Border Protection in the European Union
on the Example of the Eastern Border of the Republic of Poland

(article in English)
The aim of the article is to present the synthetic instruments of managing the external protection of the European Union’s borders and to analyze the level of this protection on the example of identified threats. The current status of this problem is determined by successive immigration crises, modifications of actions taken by organized crime in the field of cross-border illegal/irregular movement of people and goods. The management of the external border protection is particularly important in Polish conditions in which the eastern border is the most important part of the land border of the European Union and the Schengen area. The conducted research allows to verify the research thesis that in relation to the eastern border of the Republic of Poland the actions taken by the European Union institutions, national authorities and uniformed formations contributed to the increase of the level of its protection, which at the same time increases the safety of cross-border movement of people and goods.

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Keywords: management of the external border of the European Union, the eastern border of the Republic of Poland, protection of the safety of cross-border movement of people and goods, cross-border crimes, illegal/irregular immigration, smuggling of goods, arms and ammunition

JEL: F02, F22

Jan Andreasik

Operationalization SECI Model of Knowledge Management
by Enterprise Ontology

(article in English)
The paper contains the proposition of solving the problem of operationalization of the SECI model of knowledge creation in a new scope — i.e., in relation to knowledge about managing an SME enterprise in conditions of uncertainty. This knowledge includes the assessment of the enterprise in the potential — risk space of operational activity. This problem was solved theoretically by developing the original A–E–AE enterprise ontology and practically by constructing the SOK-P1 system, which was used in the advisory practice for SME sector enterprises in the Lubelskie and Podkarpackie Voivodships.

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Keywords: operationalization of the SECI model, A-E-AE enterprise ontology, CBR system, semantic knowledge management model

JEL: M15, O32

Daria Andriivna Arziantseva [Дар’я Андріївна Арзянцева]
Nataliya Petrivna Zakharkevych [Наталія Петрівна Захаркевич]

Assessment of Economic Security of Regions. The Case of Ukraine

(article in English)
The authors propose to assess the level of economic security of regions by means of calculating the integral index of security. The proposed approach includes six consecutive steps: definition of the system of indicators affecting the level of economic security of a region; formation of a statistical array of estimated indicators; standardization of estimated indicators; calculation of weighting coefficients for each of the indicator using the expert method; determination of the intermediate and integral index of the level of economic security of a region; interpretation of the results of assessment and rating of regions by level of economic security. The roposed method was developed on the data of Ukrainian regions.

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Keywords: economic security, economic development, quality of life of the population, integral index of region’s security

JEL: C65, F52, R11, R58